First Man: The Life of Neil A. Armstrong

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First Man: The Life of Neil A. Armstrong

First Man: The Life of Neil A. Armstrong

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On August 29, 1951, Armstrong saw action in the Korean War as an escort for a photo reconnaissance plane over Songjin. [27] Five days later, on September 3, he flew armed reconnaissance over the primary transportation and storage facilities south of the village of Majon-ni, west of Wonsan. According to Armstrong, he was making a low bombing run at 350mph (560km/h) when 6 feet (1.8m) of his wing was torn off after it collided with a cable that was strung across the hills as a booby trap. He was flying 500 feet (150m) above the ground when he hit it. While there was heavy anti-aircraft fire in the area, none hit Armstrong's aircraft. [28] An initial report to the commanding officer of Essex said that Armstrong's F9F Panther was hit by anti-aircraft fire. The report indicated he was trying to regain control and collided with a pole, which sliced off 2 feet (0.61m) of the Panther's right wing. Further perversions of the story by different authors added that he was only 20 feet (6.1m) from the ground and that 3 feet (0.91m) of his wing was sheared off. [29] F9F-2 Panthers over Korea, with Armstrong piloting S-116 (left) While the astronauts flew in space, Mission Control closely monitored from the ground. Coordinating with radio stations in California, Spain and Australia to provide 24-hour communications and telemetry data during the Apollo missions, “Houston”—as the astronauts called Mission Control—is almost as famous as any of the people who flew to the moon, and Gene Kranz was one of the most influential people in that room. Neil Armstrong, First Man on Moon, Dies at 82". The New York Times. Associated Press. August 25, 2012. Archived from the original on August 25, 2012 . Retrieved August 25, 2012. Armstrong, First Man on the Moon, Recovering From Heart Surgery". Reuters. August 8, 2012. Archived from the original on August 9, 2012 . Retrieved August 8, 2012.

In July 2019, after observations of the 50th anniversary of the Moon landing, The New York Times reported on details of a medical malpractice suit Armstrong's family had filed against Mercy Health–Fairfield Hospital, where he died. When Armstrong appeared to be recovering from his bypass surgery, nurses removed the wires connected to his temporary pacemaker. He began to bleed internally and his blood pressure dropped. Doctors took him to the hospital's catheterization laboratory, and only later began operating. Two of the three physicians who reviewed the medical files during the lawsuit called this a serious error, saying surgery should have begun immediately; experts the Times talked to, while qualifying their judgement by noting that they were unable to review the specific records in the case, said that taking a patient directly to the operating room under those circumstances generally gave them the highest chance of survival. [218] Family Statement Regarding the Death of Neil Armstrong". NASA. August 25, 2012. Archived from the original on October 6, 2012 . Retrieved August 26, 2012. Armstrong was named the class exemplar for the Class of 2019 at the U.S. Air Force Academy. [284] See alsoJones, Eric M. "Apollo 11 Mission Commentary 7-20-69 CDT 15:15 – GET 102:43 – TAPE 307/1". Apollo 11 Surface Journal. NASA. Archived from the original on November 8, 2017. Software Finds Missing 'a' in Armstrong's Moon Quote". CNN. Associated Press. October 1, 2006. Archived from the original on October 4, 2006. The flight plan called for a crew rest period before leaving the module, but Armstrong asked for this to be moved to earlier in the evening, Houston time. When he and Aldrin were ready to go outside, Eagle was depressurized, the hatch was opened, and Armstrong made his way down the ladder. [131] At the bottom of the ladder, while standing on a Lunar Module landing pad, Armstrong said, "I'm going to step off the LM now". He turned and set his left boot on the lunar surface at 02:56 UTC July 21, 1969, [132] then said, "That's one small step for [a] man, one giant leap for mankind." [133] The exact time of Armstrong's first step on the Moon is unclear. [134] Liberman, Mark. "What Neil Armstrong said". Language Log. University of Pennsylvania. Archived from the original on November 8, 2017 . Retrieved February 28, 2018. Valor awards for David Randolph Scott". Military Times Hall of Valor. Archived from the original on March 1, 2018 . Retrieved February 28, 2018.

President Offers Toast to 'Three Brave Men' ". The Evening Sun. Baltimore, Maryland. Associated Press. August 14, 1969. p.1 – via Armstrong married Janet Shearon on January 28, 1956. The couple soon added to their family. Son Eric arrived in 1957, followed by daughter Karen in 1959. Sadly, Karen died of complications related to an inoperable brain tumor in January 1962. The following year, the Armstrongs welcomed their third child, son Mark. Scott, David (June 21, 2018). "Langholm, ancestral home of Neil Armstrong, tops town survey". Daily Express . Retrieved September 4, 2022.Seymour, Gene (August 27, 2012). "Neil Armstrong, a hero who shunned fame". CNN . Retrieved June 9, 2018. Upon his return to earth, Armstrong was honored and celebrated for his monumental achievement. He was also—as James R. Hansen reveals in this fascinating and important biography—misunderstood. Armstrong’s accomplishments as engineer, test pilot, and astronaut have long been a matter of record, but Hansen’s unprecedented access to private documents and unpublished sources and his interviews with more than 125 subjects (including more than fifty hours with Armstrong himself) yield this first in-depth analysis of an elusive American celebrity still renowned the world over. In June 1958, Armstrong was selected for the U.S. Air Force's Man in Space Soonest program, but the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) canceled its funding on August 1, 1958, and on November 5, 1958, it was superseded by Project Mercury, a civilian project run by NASA. As a NASA civilian test pilot, Armstrong was ineligible to become one of its astronauts at this time, as selection was restricted to military test pilots. [61] [62] In November 1960, he was chosen as part of the pilot consultant group for the X-20 Dyna-Soar, a military space plane under development by Boeing for the U.S. Air Force, and on March 15, 1962, he was selected by the U.S. Air Force as one of seven pilot-engineers who would fly the X-20 when it got off the design board. [63] [64]

The American effort to send astronauts to the moon had its origins in an appeal President Kennedy made to a special joint session of Congress on May 25, 1961: "I believe this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the moon and returning him safely to Earth." Despite being one of the most famous astronauts in history, Armstrong largely shied away from the public eye. In a rare interview for the news program 60 Minutes in 2005, he described the moon to interviewer Ed Bradley: "It's a brilliant surface in that sunlight. The horizon seems quite close to you because the curvature is so much more pronounced than here on earth. It's an interesting place to be. I recommend it." About 19 minutes after Armstrong's first step, Aldrin joined him on the surface, becoming the second human to walk on the Moon. They began their tasks of investigating how easily a person could operate on the lunar surface. Armstrong unveiled a plaque commemorating the flight, and with Aldrin, planted the flag of the United States. Although Armstrong had wanted the flag to be draped on the flagpole, [152] it was decided to use a metal rod to hold it horizontally. [153] However, the rod did not fully extend, leaving the flag with a slightly wavy appearance, as if there were a breeze. [154] Shortly after the flag planting, President Richard Nixon spoke to them by telephone from his office. He spoke for about a minute, after which Armstrong responded for about thirty seconds. [155] In the Apollo 11 photographic record, there are only five images of Armstrong partly shown or reflected. The mission was planned to the minute, with the majority of photographic tasks performed by Armstrong with the single Hasselblad camera. [156]At 10:56 p.m., as Armstrong stepped off the ladder and planted his foot on the moon’s powdery surface, he spoke his famous quote, which he later contended was slightly garbled by his microphone and meant to be "that's one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind." When Neil was 17, he went to university to study aeronautical engineering — the science used in the designing, building and testing of aircrafts. Clever! The Apollo 11 crew – Neil Armstrong, Michael Collins and Edwin E. “Buzz” Aldrin. Neil and Buzz landed on the moon using the ‘Lunar Module’, while Michael guided them from their command base. I have experienced the wonder of looking at the vastness of the sky, and can recognise the sun, moon and stars and link them to daily patterns of life. Congressional Record (Bound Edition). (September 16–22, 1969.) Volume 115. Part 19. p.25611. US Government Printing Office.("Joint Meeting of the Two Houses of Congress to Receive the Apollo 11 Astronauts". September 16, 1969) Beaver, David. "Armstrong's abbreviated article: the smoking gun?". Language Log. University of Pennsylvania. Archived from the original on November 8, 2017 . Retrieved February 28, 2018.

Gemini-XI". NASA (Kennedy Space Center). August 25, 2000. Archived from the original on February 1, 2012 . Retrieved July 24, 2010.Armstrong guarded the use of his name, image, and famous quote. When it was launched in 1981, MTV wanted to use his quote in its station identification, with the American flag replaced with the MTV logo, but he refused the use of his voice and likeness. [195] He sued Hallmark Cards in 1994, when they used his name, and a recording of the "one small step" quote, in a Christmas ornament without his permission. The lawsuit was settled out of court for an undisclosed sum, which Armstrong donated to Purdue. [196] [197] The Lunar Module that Neil and Buzz piloted together to land on the moon was called the Eagle. It’s where the now famous saying, “The Eagle has landed”, comes from! a b "Biographical Data: Neil A. Armstrong". NASA. August 2012. Archived from the original on December 4, 2017 . Retrieved April 7, 2018. Jones, Eric M. "Mission Transcripts, Apollo 11 AS11 PA0.pdf" (PDF). Apollo 11 Surface Journal. NASA. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 17, 2008 . Retrieved November 30, 2007. Jones, Eric M.; Glover, Ken (1995). "EASEP Deployment and Closeout". Apollo 11 Lunar Surface Journal. NASA. 111:36:38. Archived from the original on February 25, 2014 . Retrieved March 28, 2014.

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